Groupthink the brainstorming myth by jonah lehrer her favorite example was the rise of the automobile industry in detroit in the eighteen-twenties, the city was full of small shipyards. Groupthink is a term first used in 1972 by social psychologist irving l janis that refers to a psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group in many cases, people will set aside their own personal beliefs or adopt the opinion of the rest of the group. Groupthink is defined as “a strong concurrence-seeking tendency that interferes with effective group decision making” (forsyth, 40) the events at nanking occurred within the context of an altered mode of thinking that essentially made the japanese soldiers incapable of making rational decisions. Groupthink, a termed coined by yale psychologist irving janis, refers to a dysfunctional mode of decision making in which members of exceptionally cohesive groups strive for unanimity in opinion to the extent that they prematurely agree on a particular course of action and fail to consider more suitable alternatives.
Groupthink is one of the nefarious decision-making missteps of teams, and a trap that many smart people and groups have fallen victim to throughout history from the classic example cited in nearly every discussion on decision-making, the kennedy administration’s bay of pigs fiasco, to ford’s. Groupthink is the communications theory that addresses, “ defective decision making on the part of a cohesive decision-making group in which loyalty to real or perceived group norms take precedence over independent, critical judgment” (redd & mintz, 2013. Examples of groupthink in a sentence recent examples on the web this is a smart way for individual managers to make investment decisions, even if the combined effect is a lot of groupthink and the familiar cycle of booms and busts.
This example serves as a reminder to all groups of the disastrous outcomes that result from groupthink, and the need to make an effort to take preventative measures to decrease it lesson objectives. There is a major difference between group discussion, group decision making, groupthink and groupshift in order to maintain a well-functioning group, one should encourage group discussions and collaborative decision making but in the same place should try to eliminate groupthink and groupshift. Examples of group think essays and research papers examples of group think group think question #2 this type of dysfunctional operation of an organization has many ways and opportunities for failure. Groupthink can also aid in the performance of a new company or organization by placing an emphasis on the familiar and concentrating a coordinated effort toward a single goal. Examples of groupthink can be found in historic events such as the us invasion of iraq, bay of pigs invasion of cuba, the space shuttle challenger disaster and the enron-arthur anderson scandal (thompson, 2008) in each of these examples, leadership style played a key role in enhancing groupthink conditions.
Group think can be very useful, for example if you’re running an army, building the first atom bomb or putting the first men on the moon but if you’re trying to arrive at an important scientific truth, group think can be utterly destructive. Groupthink is complex enough that it was never hot in that sense nobody today says, my area is groupthink but what emerged subsequent to groupthink was an area called judgment and decision making, which is one of the most important areas in all of psychology. Group think is most likely to occur when individuals in a group share the same background, language, values and fears there are numerous examples of groupthink in american history some of them involve large segments of the population while others involve a small group of individuals. 8 symptoms of groupthink posted march 27, 2014 by ben carlson “never underestimate the power of stupid people in large groups” – george carlin a study on our eating habits found that, on average, if you dine with one other person you will eat about 35% more than if you were eating alone. Groupthink is a dynamic wherein members of a team see the world through a biased, narrow lens, reach premature conclusions, and make bad decisions.
The most famous example of groupthink is the presidential advisory group who almost led kennedy into invading cuba and potential nuclear war in the bay of pigs affair the challenger disaster was another effect where nasa officials disregarded engineer’s concerns and decided to launch the shuttle. Education groupthink more time to do better for example, two people may read about a college graduate struggling with loans one reader sees an overburdened victim of a broken system the. Example applications, and proposed modifications to the groupthink theory groupthink has been applied to a broad spectrum of group settings and is seen as a major factor in many poor decisions. Examples of groupthink abound throughout history nazi germany is of course among the most obvious, as are the witchhunts of the middle ages but modern examples abound too think of the roman catholic magisterium, insisting in july 2003 that its priesthood must be exclusively male, single, and chaste no matter what think of the certainty of.
Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon whereby pressure within a group to agree results in failures to think critically about an issue, situation or decision how it works (example): let's say john, jane, and jeff are fund managers for the xyz mutual fund company. The characteristics of groupthink, first described by social psychologist irving janis in 1972, are that the group sets itself above the law, avoids transparency and oversight, and protects itself at all costs. The effects of groupthink is far reaching and it can be seen in a varied number of fields ranging from political science, social psychology and counseling, to organizational studies, management studies, marketing and strategy, and everything in between.
The term “groupthink” refers to when individual thought submits to the will of a group this organizational phenomena can start very subtly unchecked it will take over the overall thought process of most if not the entire team groupthink run amok can be disastrous for an organization the. Other famous examples of groupthink can be found throughout history in 1961, president john f kennedy approved a cia plan to invade cuba and overthrow its leader, fidel castro kennedy’s belief in the infallibility of the mission and its organizers resulted in troops being inadequately equipped for combat. Groupthink examples in business the flying bank is one of the prime entrepreneurial examples of groupthink in business this refers to the collapse of swissair, a swiss airline company that believed itself to be so financially stable that it became known as the flying bank. A better example would be riots (like when maryland beat duke is the most recent example), or egypt's slaughtering of pigs because of the swine flu (actually that could be considered more of a hysteria.
Groupthink | examples & avoidance groupthink occurs in groups when individual thinking or individual creativity is lost or subverted to stay within the comfort zone of the consensus view people’s common sense and ability to perform problem solving, make good decisions, and raise unpopular views are overridden by the desire for group consensus. Examples of groupthink include the jerry sandusky case at penn state university and the war in iraq groupthink is often characterized by the dehumanization of victims, a sense of invulnerability and an immoral, unethical or irrational decision making it is most often present in groups that are not.